Уральские горы по английски



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Источник: slovar-vocab.com


Топик Урал рассказывает об Уральских горах, разделяющих территорию России на Европейскую часть и Азию. Уральская горная система также обозначает границы Сибири, простирающейся до Российского Дальнего Востока. Просторы Сибири стали доступны для иностранцев только в ранние 1990-е года. Екатеринбург известен как печальное место расстрела в 1918 году последнего русского императора Николая II и его семьи. Их останки были найдены в 1991 году неподалеку от Екатеринбурга и были захоронены в Петропавловском соборе Санкт-Петербурга. В центре Екатеринбурга стоит памятник Якову Свердлову — чиновнику, ответственному за расстрел царской семьи. Уральские горы богаты месторождениями золота, платины и драгоценных камней. Из поколения в поколение передается мастерство обработки уральских самоцветов.

The Russian character and identity have long been influenced by the fact that Russia spreads across the two continents: Europe and Asia. The boundary between the two continents lies along the Ural Mountains that also mark the borders of Siberia.

Siberia covers a vast area of over five million square kilometers. For several decades Siberia was strictly off limits to foreigners and only in the early 1990s it became accessible for everybody. The population of Siberia has grown both from a mix of adventurers and fortune seekers who settled there voluntarily and those who were forced to be there for criminal and political reasons.


Tzar Nicholas II and his family were the most prominent people who were forced to stay there. In the center of Yekaterinburg there is a monument to Jakov Sverdlov, a high ranking official, who was responsible for the execution of the royal family. The brutal execution took place in 1918 in the basement room of the house in Yekaterinburg. That house was bulldozed in 1977, as it was an inconvenient reminder of bloody methods of the Communist regime. The royal family was given a secret burial in an unmarked meadow. Controversies about the members of the royal family continued until 1994 when the DNA testing identified the bodies of nine people of the royal family including Anastasia who had been long considered to have survived by a miracle.

The Urals have long supplied Russia with locally mined precious and semi-precious stones. They are widely used by local craftsmen who create wonderful designs in order to make exquisite and unique jewelry. Their masterpieces are famous worldwide.

Источник: begin-english.ru

The Ural Mountains are located in the north-west Russia.
They lie between the East European and West Siberian plains.
The length of the Ural mountain range — more than 2000 km, width — from 40 to 150 km.
The highest point of the Urals — Mountain People (1895 m).

The Ural Mountains have appeared about 600 million years ago.


r the first time they are mentioned in the VII century BC — in the poem «Arimaspeya» written Pristeem Prokonnesskim. The poem did not reach us, but an excerpt from her link to Herodotus and other Greek scientists. The first map depicted the Ural Mountains Claudius Ptolemy in the II century AD, when they were called the mountains Imaus. But their detailed description appeared only in the XII century in the work of the Arab geographer al-Idrasi «Entertainment weary of wandering in the area.»
In the Russian historical sources of the Ural Mountains are first mentioned at the end of XI century in the Tale of Bygone Years «. The exact location of the southern mountains has been studied only in the second half of the XVI century, after the conquest in 1552, the Khanate of Kazan. Immediately called «Ural Mountains» appeared in the XVIII century — so called them Russian geographer and historian Vasily Tatishchev. In translation from the Tatar language «Ural» — means «stone belt». Prior to this mountain called the Hyperborean and Riphean.
Note that the highest mountain in the Chelyabinsk region — 1,406 meters, is located within the national park «Zyuratkul» — is the top of the ridge Nurgush.

To date, the main problem of the conservation of mountain ecosystems in the Southern Urals — is deforestation as the main timber extraction are located there.
At the same time, the mountainous part of the area is already the most to protect, this is where the National Park Zyuratkul and Taganay, Ilmensky Reserve Arshinskiy, Asha, and Serpievsky Nyazepetrovky reserves.


In the Urals, a lot of rough rapids of rivers and streams originating from glaciers and lakes. In the mountainous region of the Urals, there are 3,327 lakes with a total area of 98 square meters. km .. On the plains, located next to the mountains is still 3,227 lakes. Large Shchuchye Lake — the deepest lake in the Urals. His depth of up to 136 meters, bath holds 0.78 cubic km of water.

River water is very clean and clear. Usually, the bottom can be seen at a depth of 5-6 meters. However, after the rain the level of the rivers rising strongly, and the water becomes cloudy.

Mined in the Urals oil, natural gas, coal, oil shale, peat.
Ural allocated large stocks of various resources of non-ferrous metals. This copper ore, and zinc, and nickel.

In this territory are the Republic of Komi, Nenets, Yamalo-Nenets, Khanty-Mansi Autonomous District. Population density increases only by rivers — 50-60 people per sq. km. km ..

Источник: otvet.mail.ru

The Ural Mountains
Three colors of homeland
white ; green ; Black

In English

White
Do not we have given the names of rivers,
And those whose bones lie here, perhaps.
Or not … but they are more expensive
Ways plexus, a new country.
And white, white silk of her roads,
Closed ground black at the beginning.
The way God sees only the white,
Or are they … we did not know their names.
Not the right blood il inheritance, no,
But the right of the strong and the desire for fame.
River — the road that bears the answer.
And a new world — a place of crossing.

Green

In the green cell weaving pattern
Of light and darkness on the surface of the mountains.
Green light and dark cells,
Here forever border in people’s hearts.
Through the line of the sun — and luxury, and Life,
And the light emerald, malachite and darkness.
Centennial pine unyielding temper,
And the green herb herbs awakened.
Old copper — greens ring
And the latest green marble palaces.
The creation of the sun, and the light and darkness,
At best, we hope to again.

Black

I did not play with the secret words,
But the voice of darkness in the valley called me.
Where larch dark over us,
Where subsides joyful flame,
And are coals of fire.
Bonfire extinguished, and coal is black dull,
And from the ground there is still warm.
In the caves, mines, tunnels and wells
Other worlds mysterious haze.
There dark depths of darkness nadzvёzdnoy sister.
But the gods summoned from the mountain winds
Their children from time immemorial.
And the children of the forest with a flame in the hands of
Still sing in the ancient languages.

In Russia

Белый

Не мы давали рекам имена,
А те, чьи кости здесь лежат, быть может.
Иль вовсе не они… Но тем дороже
Путей сплетенья, новая страна.
И белый, белый шелк ее дорог,
Закрывший землю, черную в начале.
Дорогу видит только Белый Бог,
Или они… мы их имен не знали.
Не право крови иль наследства, нет,
Но право сильных и желанье славы.
Река – дорога, что несет ответ.
И новый мир – как место переправы.

Зелёный

В зелёную клетку соткался узор
Из света и тьмы на поверхности гор.
Зелёные клетки светлей и темней,
Здесь вечно граница в сердцах у людей.
Сквозь линии солнца — и роскошь, и быт,
И свет изумруда, и тьмы малахит.
Столетней сосны неуступчивый нрав,
И нежная зелень проснувшихся трав.
Старинная медь — зеленеет кольцо,
И мрамор зелёный новейших дворцов.
Создания солнца, и света, и тьмы,
На лучшее снова надеемся мы.

Чёрный

Я не играла с тайными словами,
Но голос тьмы в долины звал меня.
Где лиственницы тёмные над нами,
Где потухает радостное пламя,
И остаются угли от огня.
Костер потух, и уголь тускло-чёрен,
И от земли нет прежнего тепла.
В пещерах, шахтах и колодцах штолен
Иных миров неведомая мгла.
Там тьма глубин, надзвёздной тьмы сестра.
Но боги позовут с горы ветров
Своих детей из глубины веков.
И дети леса с пламенем в руках
Еще споют на древних языках.

Источник: www.youtube.com


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